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AERONAUTICA MACCHI M.C.200 SAETTA 'Lightning' PERFORMANCE / TIMELINE


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#1 CORSNING

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Posted 31 October 2015 - 03:36 PM

Mario Castoldi M.C.200

 

     The following information comes from a document titled the Ministry of Aeronautics. If anyone has any other official information concerning this aircraft, and would like to share it with us, please do. The following climb rates are the average rate of climb to that altitude. Meaning the rate of climb was faster 1,000 m. lower and most likely less by the time it reached that given altitude.

 

Altitude / Speed / Climb

Meters / mph / avg. fpm./ Time to climb.

S.L.                 3,215 (Bill Gunston's 'German, Italian & Japanese Fighters of WW2)

1,000              3125 / 1'3"

2,000              2936 / 2'10"

3,000              2660 / 3'24"

4,000              2773 / 4'35"

4,500 312.5 /  2664 / (est)

5,000              2555 / 5'52"

6,000              1949 / 7'33"   

 

Full Throttle height: 312.5 mph./4,500 m. (14,760 ft.)

 

Ceilings:

Combat: 23,300 ft.

Operational: 26,580 ft.

Service: 29,200 ft.

 

Engine: Fiat A.74 R.C.38: 960 cv (946 hp.)/2,520 rpm. & 890 mm/Hg. for 3 minutes combat /T.O.   740 hp.(730 hp.)/2,400 rpm./S.L.   840 hp.(828 hp.)/2,400 rpm. & 790 mm/Hg. continuous power /12,465 ft. (3,800 m.) According to the original engine maintenance manual.

 

Combat Weight: 2,328 Kg (5,133 lbs.)

 

Wing Area 180.84 sq. ft.

 

Armament: 2 x 12.7 mm. Breda-SAFAT/370 rpg.

 

Range:

Internal fuel: 354 mls./289 mph./6,000 m.

External fuel: 540 mls. with 33 imperial gallon drop tank.

 

Wing Loading: 28.38+lbs./sq. ft.

 

Power Loading: 5.989+ lbs./hp. at take-off.  6.123+lbs./hp./3,800 m. (based on 828 hp./5,070 lbs.)

 

300px-Macchi_MC-200_920901-F-1234P-073.j

wikipedia

 

Aeronautica Macchi M.C.200 Timeline: See Aeronautica Macchi M.C.202


Edited by CORSNING, 08 May 2016 - 03:50 PM.


#2 CORSNING

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Posted 20 February 2016 - 03:27 PM

Mario Castoldi Macchi C.200 M.M.4526

 

     The following information was graciously provided by a member on another site that sent me information pertaining to Italian fighting aircraft. His handle is Dago Wop. The following information comes from an article published in Ali Antiche No.109 by Michele M. Gaetani. The document with invaluable information was given to him by Michele Palermo. Thank you Mr. Palermo for the information that will be posted in the following two posts.

     The following information comes from the above article and in part from an official document stamped 'secret'. The document is titled 'Stato Maggiore R. Aeronautica. It is from the Italian V Department and concerns aircraft weapons and characteristics of Italian aircraft.

 

The following information is from testing Macchi C.200 aircraft No. M.M.4526 in February 1940. Once again climb rates are the average to that altitude.

 

Altitude / Speed / Climb.

Meters / Kph-Mph / Fpm avg./time to altitude.

3,000  476-296  2,721  3'37"

4,000  495-308  2,773  4'48"

5,000  491-305  2,401  6'10"

6,000  481-299  1,988  7'49"

 

Critical altitude for speed: 496 kph.-308 mph./4,200 m.

 

Service Ceiling: 10,000 m. (32,808 ft.)

 

Engine: Fiat A.74 RC.38: 960 cv. (946 hp./3 minutes)

 

Test weight: 5,402 lbs. (2,450 kg.)

 

Armament: 2 x 12.7mm./370 rpg.

 

Wing Area: 180.83 sq. ft.

 

Wing Loading: 29.87+ lbs./sq. ft.

 

Power Loading: 6.303+lb./hp.  

 

Range: 560 km./402 kph./6,000 m. (347 mls./250 mph./19,685 ft.) with 200 kg. (~71 US gallons) fuel.

            890 km./402 kph./6,000 m. (553 mls./250 mph./19,685 ft.) with 285 kg. (~102 US gallons) fuel.


Edited by CORSNING, 22 April 2016 - 08:55 PM.


#3 CORSNING

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Posted 20 February 2016 - 03:52 PM

The follow information comes from all those mentioned above and the stipulations are the same.

 

Macchi C.200 aircraft No. M.M.5897 of October 1941

 

Altitude / Speed / Climb

Meters / Kph-Mph / Fpm avg./ time to altitude.

SL         396-246 

1,000    418-260  4,188    47"

2,000    441-273  3,076  1'58"

3,000    460-286  3,175  2'53"

4,000    477-290  2,660  4'  7"

5,000    484-301  2,094  5'41"

6,000                   1,742  7'34"

 

Full throttle height: 485 kph.-301.4 mph./4,900 m.

 

Range Clean: 354 mls./283 mph.

Range Max.: 540 mls./279 mph./ 66 imp. gal. external.

 

Test weight: 5,241 lbs. (2,377 kg.)

 

Engine: Fiat A.74 RC.38

 

Wing Loading: 28.98+lbs./sq. ft.

 

Power Loading: 6.116-lbs./hp.


Edited by CORSNING, 22 April 2016 - 08:50 PM.


#4 CORSNING

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Posted 18 July 2016 - 08:05 PM

Macchi M.C.200 Saetta (Lightning / Arrow ) Timeline

 

Spring 1935: Chief designer of Macchi Co., Ing., Mario Castoldi, carried out a series of design studies for

     for a modern monoplane fighter with retractable landing gear. This project was designated C.200.

 

Note: From 1935 through to its final production models the C.200 retained its designation & all of its

     general characteristics.

 

24 December 1937: 1st flight of the prototype C.200 (MM 336) piloted by Giuseppe Burei.

     Fully enclosed canopy.

     Exceptional maneuverability for a monoplane.

     Very stable and handling was finger light under all conditions.

     High dive rate (at the time), Burei attained 500 mph. at the official trials in Guidonia.

 

Note: From 1935 through to its final production, the C.200 retained its designation and

     all of its general characteristics.

 

1938: Program R: The Ministry initiated an expansion program for the Air Force. This

     included aircraft, personnel, bases and facilities.

 

1938: A competition of prototype aircraft was evaluated by the Ministry. The aircraft

     involved were: M.C.200, Caprni Vizzola F.5, Aeronautica Umbra T.18, I.M.A.M. Ro.51,

     Reggiane Re.2000 and Fiat G.50. The M.C.200 was chosen for Series production.

 

Note: The Re.2000 was considered 2nd. It was more maneuverable at altitude with

     a better low-speed performance but was rejected because of its vulnerable wing

     tanks and questionable structural strength.

 

Spring 1939: Deliveries began of the C.200 Series I. The 1st 25 aircraft had a Fiat-

     Hamilton constant-speed airscrew. Aircraft No.26 and after had a Piaggio P.1001

     of same ability.

     Fuel tanks: 62.8 gal. in front of cockpit, 19.8 gal. under pilot seat & 39.6 gal. ventral

     auxiliary tank.

     Armament: 2 x 12.7 mm. Breda-SAFAT / 310 rpg. (aircraft No.1-13)

                        2 x 12.7 mm. Breda-SAFAT / 370 rpg. (aircraft No. 14 on.)

     San Giorgio reflector gun sight.

     Radio: Initially just an ARC-1 receiver was installed, later a full R/T radio.

     The tail wheel was fully retractable on early production A/C, later becoming fixed.

     Engine: Fiat A.74 R.C.38: 870 cv (858 hp) /Take-off at 2,520 rpm.

     The canopy was enclosed.

 

Note: Originally the first production C.200s were to be supplied to 4 Stormo, but 4 Stormo

     pilots wanted to keep their more maneuverable C.R.42s. Biased against the monoplane,

     they considered its spinning characteristics dangerous & disliked its enclosed cockpit.

     Pilots of the 1 Stormo were most anxious to convert to the high-speed monoplane. They

     had flown C.R.32s in the Spanish Civil War and their experiences convinced them that

     the day of the biplane fighter was coming to an end. They were delighted to exchange

     their C.R.32s for the C.200 of the 4 Stormo.

 

1 November 1939: Only 9 of 21 Aircraft were serviceable and all were grounded due to

     accidents from high-speed stalls under rarely-encountered combination of circumstances.

 

Early June 1940: The cause of the g-stall conditions had been discovered and a simple

     modification to the wing rectified the situation. The Saetta becomes fully operational.

 

10 June 1940: Italy declares war on France and Great Britain. Regia Aeronautica had

     taken delivery of 156 C.200s and 572 more had been ordered.

 

September 1940: The 1st twenty-six C.200s to see combat were part of the 6 Gruppo

     Autonomo of the 1 Divisione Caccia Terrestre based in Sicily where they encountered

     the Hawker Hurricane for the first time in the air war over Malta. 

 

Note: The air battles over Malta had proved that the C.200 was slightly slower than the

     Hurricane. The Saetta had a considerably better Climb rate and could outdive and

     outturn the Hurricane with ease. The C.200's sturdy structure was capable of

     absorbing considerable punishment and the aircraft had no serious vices. Take-off

     and landing runs were short and the C.200 was very stable on the ground.

 

April 1941: C.200s were used in the four day campaign in Yugoslovia. They had two

     underwing bombs; 110 lbs., 220 lbs. or 325 lbs.

 

July 1941: The M.C.200 A.S. (African Settentrionale) had additional equipment installed

     sand filters, armored seat, head and shoulder protection.

 

12 August 1941: The 22 Gruppo with fifty-one C.200s was sent to Russia.

 

27 August 1941: The 22 Gruppo began operation from Krivoy Rog.

 

M.C,200 Serie XXI Saetta: the final production version's normal loaded weight rose to

     5,597.5 lbs. Armament was 2 x 12.7 mm./ 370 rpg. and 2 x 7.7 mm. /500 rpg. 

     wing mounted guns.

 

8 September 1943: Italy surrenders and only 33 M.C.200s were serviceable.

 

References:

     Profile Publications 64, The Macchi MC.200 by Gianni Cattaneo

     Famous Fighters of the Second World War Vol.2 (Doubleday) by William Green

 

 

I hope this helps, Jeff


Edited by CORSNING, 20 July 2016 - 08:33 PM.





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